“The modern Western church tends to be overly pietistic. This often manifests in an attitude that says “if you really want to do God’s work, then be a missionary or a pastor.” Pursuant to this view, everyone else is a sort of second-class spiritual citizen, not really doing things that matter all that much for the Kingdom. The implicit message that comes through many times even in evangelical preaching is that if you are one of these second-class spiritual citizens, i.e., a non-missionary non-pastor type, then you should do whatever minor, secondary ministry God has given you, work hard at your “secular” job and make as much money as you can and live as frugally as you can, so that you can give as much money as you can to people who are really doing the Lord’s work."1
“It is only when we offer up everything we do in worship to God that we finally experience His power coursing through every fiber of our being. The God of the Bible is not only the God of the human spirit but also the God of nature and history. We serve Him not only in worship but also in obedience to the Cultural Mandate. If Christian churches are serious about discipleship, they must teach believers how to keep living for God after they walk out the church doors on Sunday."2
In this blog post, I’m going to present a claim of reformed protestantism and pose a question that, I believe, is naturally raised if we adopt this claim. My goal in writing this blog post is to articulate the question in a way that may provoke a reader more capable than I to engage in answering the question.
Within most protestant churches, especially those influenced by the reformers, there is the claim that ‘secular’ work (like being a computer programmer for a fortune 100 company) is no less glorifying to God than ‘sacred’ work (like being a pastor). Being a pastor is not more glorifying to God than being a farmer; being a missionary is no more glorifying than being a businessman. Unfortunately, preaching at these churches often implies the opposite, but that is a different discussion for another time.1 The explicit claim is that working as a professional minister is not ‘better’ or ‘more spiritual’ than a job in the ‘secular’ world. God can be glorified and equally glorified in my secular day-job as He can in the work of a pastor.
Here are a number of articles that articulate and support this claim:
In this article, I am no going to take any steps to defend this claim. I’m simply going to take it for granted as a tenet of reformed protestantism. If we assume this claim to be true, I have a question:
The question is this:
What makes an action glorifying to God?
We claim that my secular work can be just as glorifying to God as pastoral work… how and why?
Is an action only glorifying to God if I do something ‘churchy’ or ‘spiritual’ or ‘sacred’ (e.g. I’m not glorifying God if I write software for a secular company, but I am if I write software to help me study the bible). Is it only glorifying to God if my motives are good? Is it only glorifying to God if I’m listening to a sermon/‘churchy’ songs while doing my work? Is it only glorifying to God if I’m thanking God and thinking about Him continually while doing my work? Are sacred and secular actions inherently (in and of themselves), equally glorifying to God?
Dodging the Question
In my experience, most pastors and ministers dodge the questions I just posed (I’ll give examples of how these questions are dodged in a moment). I am willing to grant that the dodging is unintentional and probably undetected by pastors/ministers, but they are dodged nonetheless. I mention instances of how these questions are dodged not to demean pastors and ministers, but simply to show how misguided most of the common answers on the subject really are. Below are a few examples of how these questions are dodged from a recent conversation I had with a pastor.
Examples of Dodging the Question
In a recent discussion, I asked the pastor what was the role of rest in the life of a believer and gave the example that I enjoy hiking as a way to rest, recreate, and rejuvenate. He replied something like: “Well, hiking is a good example; when you’re hiking, you can be praising God for His wonderful creation and thanking Him for everything around you”. I don’t disagree! Hiking is a wonderful opportunity to worship God and be more in awe of Him. However, this answer is confusing to me. Is hiking only glorifying as long as I am explicitly thinking about God? Does it cease to be glorifying to God when I am simply in awe of a bird’s flight, a breath-taking sunset, or beautiful blossoms? Do I have to continually be stepping out of an experience to make sure I am explicitly, consciously thanking God? Or is it sin that I am not constantly, consciously thanking God?
Still on the topic of how a ‘secular’ job can glorify God, the same pastor later gave an example of a job he had as a garbage man where he would listen to sermons all day while collecting trash. Again, was the action only glorifying to God because he was listening to sermons all day? If he were listening to classical music, would that have been glorifying to God? If he were listening to classical music without continually, consciously thanking and praising God, would that have been glorifying to God? Would the action have glorified God if he worked hard, with good intentions (say, to provide for his family and give to those in need), and without any music or sermons? What makes an action glorifying to God?
A Visual Aid
To put my question differently, there are a number of different components to a single action (just a few of them are detailed below):
What attribute(s) of which component(s) make an action glorifying to God?
Appendix A: Corollary Question
A parallel question to the questions above is this: If it turns out that actions in and of themselves can be glorifying to God, can non-believers glorify God in their work when they do their work well? I assume that it is not possible for a non-believer to have proper motives, so their motives for doing the action will not glorify God, but does God get any glory from a non-Christian nurse who does wonderful, caring, careful work out of a, albeit misguided, desire to make the world a better place?